January 31, 2017
We use systemd unit quite a bit. Getting dependencies correct can be tricky. We use systemd to start up Cloudurable Cassandra config scripts. We use systemd to start up Cassandra/Kafka, and to shut Cassandra/Kafka down nicely.
Since systemd is pervasive in all new mainstream Linux distributions, you can see that systemd is an important concept for DevOps.
We wrote this little example to try to understand how systemd dependencies work, and explain it to others.
Let’s say that you have two services as follows:
$ cat /etc/systemd/system/a.service [Unit] Description=Service A [Service] Type=oneshot RemainAfterExit=true ExecStart=/opt/a/bin/start.sh ExecStop=/opt/a/bin/stop.sh [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
A is a service that runs
start.sh to start up and
stop.sh to stop.
Cloudurable specialize in AWS DevOps Automation for Cassandra and Kafka
We hope this brief article on systemd setup useful. We use systemd to write services that monitor Cassandra, Kafka and the OS. These systemd services do log aggregation to AWS CloudWatch and are written in Go Lang. These systemd services also monitor Cassandra and Kafka, report metrics and trigger Alarms in AWS CloudWatch. Support us by checking out our Casandra training and Kafka training. We also provide Casandra consulting and Kafka consulting to get you setup fast in AWS with CloudFormation and CloudWatch.
$ cat /etc/systemd/system/b.service [Unit] Description=Service B Requires=a.service After=a.service [Service] Type=oneshot RemainAfterExit=true ExecStart=/opt/b/bin/start.sh ExecStop=/opt/b/bin/stop.sh [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Notice we use
After to force ordering.
Requires Service A. If you start B then A will start as well.
Also on reboot. Service B will shutdown first and Service A will shutdown second.
A will start before B. B will shutdown before A.
[root@localhost vagrant]# systemctl start b [root@localhost vagrant]# reboot Connection to 127.0.0.1 closed by remote host. Connection to 127.0.0.1 closed. # Log back in $ vagrant ssh node0 Last login: Wed Feb 1 01:33:46 2017 from 10.0.2.2 # Show that B gets stopped before A [vagrant@localhost ~]$ cat /opt/b/stop.txt B STOPPED Wed Feb 1 01:37:18 UTC 2017 [vagrant@localhost ~]$ cat /opt/a/stop.txt A STOPPED Wed Feb 1 01:37:20 UTC 2017 # Show that A gets started before B [vagrant@localhost ~]$ cat /opt/a/start.txt A STARTED Tue Jan 31 16:09:16 UTC 2017 [vagrant@localhost ~]$ cat /opt/b/start.txt B STARTED Tue Jan 31 16:09:18 UTC 2017
Notice that we start up Service B, which requires that A is started before B. Systemd sees that A is not running and runs Service A on behalf of B.
The scripts to run service A and service B are quite simple.
Start.sh Stop.sh for A and B service
[vagrant@localhost ~]$ cat /opt/a/bin/start.sh #!/bin/bash sleep 1 export TS=`date` echo "A STARTED $TS" >> /opt/a/start.txt sleep 1 [vagrant@localhost ~]$ cat /opt/a/bin/stop.sh #!/bin/bash sleep 1 export TS=`date` echo "A STOPPED $TS" >> /opt/a/stop.txt sleep 1 [vagrant@localhost ~]$ cat /opt/b/bin/start.sh #!/bin/bash sleep 1 export TS=`date` echo "B STARTED $TS" >> /opt/b/start.txt sleep 1 [vagrant@localhost ~]$ cat /opt/b/bin/stop.sh #!/bin/bash sleep 1 export TS=`date` echo "B STOPPED $TS" >> /opt/b/stop.txt sleep 1
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