AWS Cassandra and NUMA The i3.8xlarge, c4.8xlarge, m4.10xlarge, and above EC2 instance types use more than 1 CPU, which means NUMA controls are available. A good read on this is from Al Tolbert’s blog post. The quickest way to tell if a machine is NUMA is to run “numactl –hardware”. -Al Tobey blog post on Cassandra tuning NUMA stands for Non-Uniform Memory Architecture. Modern x86 CPUs contain an integrated memory controller.
Cassandra CPU requirements in AWS Cloud Cassandra is highly concurrent. Cassandra nodes can uses as many CPU cores as available if configured correctly. What are vCPUs and ECUs? An Amazon EC2 vCPU is a hyper thread, often referred to as a virtual core. Think of it as a physical thread of execution. It is able to run one thread at a time (which of course could be swapped out).
Cassandra AWS Storage Requirements Cassandra does a lot sequential disk IO for the commit log and writing out SSTable. You still need random I/O for read operations. The more read operations that are cache misses, the more your EBS volumes need IOPS. Cassandra writes to four areas commit logs SSTable an index file a bloom filter Consider EC2 instance store instead of EBS for Cassandra AWS provides EC2 instance local storage called instance storage which is not available with all EC2 instance types, and Elastic Block Store (EBS).
Cloud DevOps: Using Packer, Ansible/SSH and AWS command line tools to create and DBA manage EC2 Cassandra instances in AWS. This article is useful for developers and DevOps/DBA staff who want to create AWS AMI images and manage those EC2 instances with Ansible. Although this article is part of a series about setting up the Cassandra Database images and doing DevOps/DBA with Cassandra clusters, the topics we cover apply to AWS DevOps in general - even if you don’t use Cassandra at all.
Cassandra Cluster Tutorial: Setting up Ansible for our Cassandra Database Cluster to do DevOps tasks
Cassandra Tutorial: Setting up Ansible for our Cassandra Database Cluster for DevOps/DBA tasks Ansible is an essential DevOps/DBA tool for managing backups and rolling upgrades to the Cassandra cluster in AWS/EC2. An excellent aspect of Ansible is that it uses ssh, so you do not have to install an agent to use Ansible. This article series centers on how DevOps/DBA tasks with the Cassandra Database. However the use of Ansible for DevOps/DBA transcends its use with the Cassandra Database so this article is good information for any DevOps/DBA or Developer that needs to manage groups of instances, boxes, hosts whether they be on-prem bare-metal, dev boxes, or in the Cloud.
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